An alkane is an open-chain hydrocarbon, meaning it is a straight molecule (not closed
like a circle) composed of only hydrogen and carbon. The suffix "-ane" indicates that
only sigma bonds are present. An alkane contains only carbon-carbon and carbon-hydrogen
sigma bonds; single bonds make an alkane a saturated hydrocarbon. Methane, also known as
natural gas, is used to heat many homes. Propane is used to cook food on the barbecue.
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