The simplest carbohydrates are monosaccharides. The prefix "mono-" means "one" because
monosaccharides have only one sugar unit. The most common monosaccharide is glucose, which
is the most abundant organic compound found on earth. Glucose is found in the blood, and its
content is measured as blood sugar level. Glucose is also used as a sweetener for foods. Fructose
is a monosaccharide found in sugar cane (shown at left), used as a sweetener and food
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