Potato Solanum tuberosum produces tubers
underground that are used as a food staple in many
countries. This species originated in the Peruvian
Andes and was taken to Europe in the 1500s and from
there to North America. Potato plants have white,
or pink-purple flowers and round green fruits about the
size of cherries. Stems leaves and fruits contain the
poisonous alkaloid solanin but the tubers are good to
eat as long as they are not left in the light to turn
green. There are many varieties of the cultivated potato.
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