The Modes are the old scale-systems that were used, in Europe before the modern idea of Key was accepted, up until the middle of the 16th Century.
These early scales were widely used in Church Plainsong, folk songs, and minstrel melodies.
This system of modes was derived from the ancient Greeks, as the modal names are meant to represent where the scale's region of origin is located.
The dorian mode for example was contrived in Doria.
If a piece of music were to be played in the Key of C, and we applied one of the six modes which exist, each mode would in a combination of tones and semitones conform to the Key of C and the notes within the C scale.
However each six modes within the C scale would sound different, as the patterns of intervals would change.
The six modes are Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, Mixolydian, Aeolian and Ionian.
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